How is the review done?
Any boundary changes are made to reflect population growth or movement, while considering a variety of social, cultural and geographical factors, noted in Step 3, below. The process of reviewing the boundaries and the number of electoral divisions is set out in The Electoral Divisions Act.
Step 1 – Determine the Current Population of Manitoba
The Commission starts its work by determining the current population using Statistics Canada 2016 census data for Manitoba.
Step 2 – Set Population Quotient
Once the population is determined, the number is divided by 57, the number of electoral divisions. This establishes a quotient for each electoral division.
What is a quotient?Example (for illustration purposes only):
- Manitoba’s current population = 1,278,365
- Number of electoral divisions = 57
- 1,278,365 ÷ 57 = 22,427 (this number is rounded)
- Quotient = 22,427
Step 3 – Adjust population of each electoral division
The Commission may adjust the population of each electoral division by a specific percentage, if they feel it would lead to more appropriate representation. The Commission may adjust electoral division populations by:
- 10% above or below the quotient for divisions south of the 53rd parallel and
- 25% above or below the quotient for divisions wholly or partially north of the 53rd parallel.
These variations are set by law and 2008 boundaries were in this range.
In the redistribution process, the Commission considers these factors:
- community or diversity of interests of the population
- means of communication
- physical features (such as rivers or lakes)
- existing boundaries of rural municipalities as well as other similar or relevant factors
- special geographic conditions including sparsity, density and relative rate of population growth
- accessibility and the size or shape of a region
The proposed boundaries will be posted on the website.
Step 4 – Review Public Submissions and Presentations
The Commission also hears and reviews public submissions. Public hearings will be held once the proposed boundaries have been released. This ensures that all interested Manitobans can participate in the boundary review, making it a fair and transparent process.
Step 5 – Create Final Report
Once all presentations have been heard, the Commission will finalize its report. The report establishes the areas, boundaries and names of electoral divisions. The report includes a written description for each electoral division. Some electoral divisions may be renamed to better reflect their geographic, historical or cultural characteristics.
Step 6 – Send Final Report to Lieutenant Governor
The final report is sent to the Lieutenant Governor before December 31, 2018. A second copy is submitted to the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, who will “table” it, i.e., enter it into the public record, during the current Legislative Assembly. If the Assembly is not in session, the Speaker must table it within seven days after the next sitting begins.
If the report is submitted when the Assembly is not sitting, the Clerk of the Assembly must distribute a copy to each member of the Assembly.
Step 7 – Final Report Becomes Law
The final report becomes law. The new boundaries come into effect for the next general election, set for October 6, 2020. If a general election takes place before that date, but after December 31, 2018, the new report would also be used. The final report is not used for any byelection held before the next general election.